There is always a small chance of damage to cells or tissue from being exposed to any radiation, including the low levels of radiation used for this test. The chance of damage from the X-rays is generally very low compared with the potential benefits of the test.
There is a small chance of a pelvic infection, Reference endometritis Opens New Window, or Reference salpingitis Opens New Window after the test. The chance may be higher for women who have had pelvic infections before. Your doctor may give you Reference antibiotics Opens New Window if he or she thinks you might develop a pelvic infection.
There is a small chance of damaging or puncturing the uterus or fallopian tubes during the test.
There is a small chance of an Reference allergic reaction Opens New Window to the iodine X-ray dye, especially if you are allergic to any shellfish.
In rare cases, if an oil-based dye is used, the oil can leak into the blood. This can cause blockage of blood flow to a section of the lung (Reference pulmonary embolism Opens New Window). Most hysterosalpingogram tests use water-based dyes.
After the test
After the test, some of the dye will leak out of the vagina. You also may have some vaginal bleeding for several days after the test. Call your doctor immediately if you have:
- Heavy vaginal bleeding (soak more than one tampon or pad in one hour).
- A fever.
- Severe belly pain.
- Vaginal bleeding that lasts for more than 3 to 4 days.
|By:||Reference Healthwise Staff||Last Revised: Reference August 1, 2012|
|Medical Review:||Reference Sarah Marshall, MD - Family Medicine
Reference Deborah A. Penava, BA, MD, FRCSC, MPH - Obstetrics and Gynecology