A bone biopsy is a procedure in which a small sample of bone is taken from the body and looked at under a microscope for cancer, infection, or other bone disorders. It may take several days to get the results because the bone sample needs to be specially prepared for study.
The biopsy sample shows normal bone tissue.
Bone tissue may show signs of infection, cancer, or another bone disorder (including Reference Paget's disease Opens New Window, Reference osteomyelitis Opens New Window, a bone cyst, or a noncancerous [benign] bone growth called an Reference osteoma Opens New Window). The bone tissue may also show Reference osteoporosis Opens New Window or Reference osteomalacia Opens New Window, which means the bones are weak.
Most cancer of the bone spreads (metastasizes) to the bone from another part of the body, such as the breast, lungs, Reference prostate Opens New Window, or other organs. But bone cancer can also start in the bone itself (such as osteosarcoma or Ewing's sarcoma).
|By:||Reference Healthwise Staff||Last Revised: Reference October 4, 2012|
|Medical Review:||Reference Adam Husney, MD - Family Medicine
Reference David Bardana, MD, FRCSC - Orthopedic Surgery, Sports Medicine