The most common causes of high triglycerides are obesity and poorly controlled diabetes. If you are overweight and are not active, you may have high triglycerides, especially if you eat a lot of Reference carbohydrate Opens New Window or sugary foods or drink a lot of alcohol. Binge drinking of alcohol can cause dangerous spikes in triglyceride levels that can trigger inflammation of the pancreas (Reference pancreatitis Opens New Window).
Reference Estrogen replacement therapy Opens New Window, which may be used for menopause symptoms, may also raise triglyceride levels. Certain medicines may also raise triglycerides. These medicines include:
- Reference Tamoxifen.
- Reference Beta-blockers Opens New Window.
- Reference Diuretics Opens New Window.
- Birth control pills.
High triglycerides rarely occur on their own. They are usually associated with other conditions.
High triglycerides are a part of Reference metabolic syndrome, a group of medical problems that increase your risk of heart attack, stroke, and diabetes. Metabolic syndrome includes:
- High triglycerides.
- Low HDL ("good") cholesterol.
- High blood pressure.
- High blood sugar.
- Too much fat, especially around the waist.
|By:||Reference Healthwise Staff||Last Revised: Reference June 29, 2012|
|Medical Review:||Reference Kathleen Romito, MD - Family Medicine
Reference Robert A. Kloner, MD, PhD - Cardiology
Reference Rakesh K. Pai, MD, FACC - Cardiology, Electrophysiology