Aortic Valve Replacement Surgery
Aortic valve replacement is a surgery done for Reference aortic valve stenosis Opens New Window and Reference aortic valve regurgitation Opens New Window. The surgery is either an open-heart surgery or a Reference minimally invasive surgery. In an aortic valve replacement surgery, the damaged valve is removed and replaced with an artificial valve.
How is it done?
During open-heart valve surgery, the doctor makes a large incision in the chest. Blood is circulated outside of the body through a machine to add oxygen to it (cardiopulmonary bypass or heart-lung machine). The heart may be cooled to slow or stop the heartbeat so that the heart is protected from damage while surgery is done to replace the valve with an artificial valve.
The artificial valve might be mechanical (made of man-made substances). Others are made out of animal tissue, often from a pig.
|By:||Reference Healthwise Staff||Last Revised: February 14, 2012|
|Medical Review:||Reference Rakesh K. Pai, MD, FACC - Cardiology, Electrophysiology
Reference John A. McPherson, MD, FACC, FSCAI - Cardiology