Exams and Tests
To see whether your symptoms are caused by endometriosis, your doctor first will:
- Talk to you about your family and medical history, symptoms, and menstrual periods.
- Do a Reference pelvic exam. This often includes checking both the vagina and rectum.
If your exam, symptoms, and risk factors strongly suggest that you have endometriosis, your doctor may suggest that you first try a Reference nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) Opens New Window and/or hormone therapy before you have other tests. If treatment improves your symptoms after a few months, the diagnosis of endometriosis is more certain.
Reference Laparoscopy is a surgical procedure used to Reference diagnose and treat endometriosis. If your doctor recommends a laparoscopy, it will be used to look for and possibly remove implants and scar tissue. But laparoscopy is not always needed. It is usually done when infertility requires rapid treatment and probable surgery or when treatment has not relieved pain or infertility.
Tests for ovarian cysts or other problems
If your doctor feels an abnormal mass during the pelvic exam, you may have a cyst on the ovary (Reference ovarian endometrioma Opens New Window) or another problem. You may need a Reference transvaginal ultrasound, a Reference CT scan, or an Reference MRI.
|By:||Reference Healthwise Staff||Last Revised: Reference July 7, 2011|
|Medical Review:||Reference Adam Husney, MD - Family Medicine
Reference Kirtly Jones, MD - Obstetrics and Gynecology