Asthma in Teens and Adults
Symptoms of asthma can be mild or severe. You may have no symptoms, severe symptoms every day, or something in between. How often you have symptoms can also change. Symptoms of asthma may include:
- Reference Wheezing, which is a whistling noise of varying loudness that occurs when the airways of the lungs narrow.
- Coughing. This is the only symptom for some people.
- Chest tightness.
- Shortness of breath, which is rapid, shallow breathing or Reference difficulty breathing.
- Sleep disturbance because of coughing or having a hard time breathing.
- Tiring quickly during exercise.
An Reference asthma attack occurs when your symptoms suddenly increase. Factors that can lead to an asthma attack or make it worse include:
- Having a cold or another type of respiratory illness, especially one caused by a virus, such as influenza.
- Exercising (exercise-induced asthma), especially if the air is cold and dry.
- Exposure to Reference triggers, such as cigarette smoke, air pollution, dust mites, or animal dander.
- Being around chemicals or other substances at work (occupational asthma).
- Changes in Reference hormones Opens New Window, such as during the start of a woman's menstrual blood flow or pregnancy.
- Taking medicines, such as aspirin (aspirin-induced asthma) or Reference nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs Opens New Window.
Many people have symptoms that become worse at night (nocturnal asthma), such as cough and shortness of breath.
In general, waking at night because of shortness of breath or a cough is a sign of poorly controlled asthma.
|By:||Reference Healthwise Staff||Last Revised: Reference October 22, 2012|
|Medical Review:||Reference E. Gregory Thompson, MD - Internal Medicine
Reference Rohit K Katial, MD - Allergy and Immunology