Medicine is used to treat some food allergies. Medicines to treat a severe allergic reaction or an anaphylactic reaction are packaged in a prescribed Reference allergy kit.
For mild allergic reactions, people often try nonprescription medicines first. You can try prescription medicines if over-the-counter medicines fail to control allergy symptoms or if they cause drowsiness or other bothersome side effects.
Medicines used to treat a severe allergic reaction include:
- Reference Epinephrine Opens New Window. Epinephrine is given as a shot. It acts quickly to stop the further release of histamine and to relax the muscles that help you breathe.
- Reference Antihistamines. Antihistamines block the action of histamine during an allergic reaction and help improve symptoms such as itching and sneezing.
- Reference Corticosteroids Opens New Window. These medicines help reduce inflammation.
Medicines used to relieve mild food allergy symptoms include:
- Antihistamines and corticosteroids for hives, gastrointestinal symptoms, or sneezing and a runny nose.
- Reference Bronchodilators Opens New Window for Reference asthma Opens New Window symptoms. Bronchodilators relax the airways of the lungs, making it easier to breathe.
|By:||Reference Healthwise Staff||Last Revised: Reference March 23, 2011|
|Medical Review:||Reference Sarah Marshall, MD - Family Medicine
Reference Rohit K Katial, MD - Allergy and Immunology