Achilles Tendon Problems
Achilles tendinopathy is most often caused by:
- Overuse or repeated movements during sports, work, or other activities. In sports, a change in how long, intensely, or often you exercise can cause microtears in the tendon. These tears are unable to heal quickly and will eventually cause pain. A change in your environment, such as going from a flat surface to a hill or from a paved road to a dirt road, can also cause these tears.
- Injury from repeated push-offs or a stop-and-go motion. These injuries are common in such activities as running, basketball, tennis, or ballet dancing.
- Poor conditioning or warm-up. This can happen when you start a new activity or haven't stretched before and after an activity.
- Shoes with poor arch support or rigid heels that don't cushion the heel.
Achilles tendon rupture is most often caused by:
- Sudden, forceful motion that stresses the calf muscle. This can happen during an intense athletic activity or even during simple running or jumping, especially in middle-aged adults. A Reference rupture Opens New Window most often occurs in sports such as basketball, racquet sports (including tennis), soccer, and softball.
- Overstretching the tendon during any activity when the tendon is already damaged because of Achilles tendinopathy or another condition.
- Previous corticosteroid injections. (In the past, these were a common treatment for overuse tendon injury.) Corticosteroids can weaken or break down tendon tissue, making it more likely to rupture.
|By:||Reference Healthwise Staff||Last Revised: Reference March 12, 2012|
|Medical Review:||Reference Anne C. Poinier, MD - Internal Medicine
Reference David Bardana, MD, FRCSC - Orthopedic Surgery, Sports Medicine