Pelvic Organ Prolapse
Exams and Tests
A prolapse of a pelvic organ is sometimes difficult to diagnose. Pelvic organ prolapse that does not cause symptoms is often discovered during a routine exam. You may be aware that there is a problem but be unsure of the exact location or cause. If prolapse is suspected, your doctor will take your medical history, including your symptoms and your history of pregnancies and other health problems, and do a physical exam, including a Reference pelvic exam.
Tests may be done to find out the nature of a prolapse, particularly if it is causing problems with bladder or bowel function. These tests include:
- Reference Cystoscopy, a test that allows your doctor to look at the interior lining of the bladder and the urethra.
- Reference Intravenous pyelogram (IVP), an X-ray test that can show the size, shape, and position of the kidneys, bladder, ureters, and urethra.
- Reference Computed tomography scan (CT scan), which uses X-rays to produce detailed pictures of structures inside the pelvic area.
- Reference Urodynamic tests, to see how your body stores and releases urine.
Doctors use a classification system to determine the level of an organ's prolapse. Identifying the exact level of prolapse helps guide decisions about which treatments are most likely to offer long-term success. One standard classification uses "stages" of prolapse and is based on how close the lowest part of the organ is to the opening of your vagina (the hymen).
|By:||Reference Healthwise Staff||Last Revised: Reference October 9, 2012|
|Medical Review:||Reference Sarah Marshall, MD - Family Medicine
Reference Femi Olatunbosun, MB, FRCSC - Obstetrics and Gynecology