Colorectal Cancer, Metastatic or Recurrent
Surgery to remove cancer may be used to treat metastatic or recurrent colorectal cancer. The type of surgery chosen depends upon the Reference stage of the cancer. Surgery may be used to remove cancer that is in the colon or rectum. Or surgery may be done to remove cancer that has spread to other organs in the body.
Surgical options include:
- Reference Bowel resection. This operation involves cutting into the abdomen to reach the area of the colon or rectum that is affected by the cancer. The surgeon cuts out the cancer as well as the parts of the colon or rectum that are next to it. Then the two healthy ends of the colon or rectum are sewn back together.
- Reference Liver resection. In this operation the surgeon cuts out cancer that has spread to the liver and also cuts out parts of the liver that are next to the cancer. Up to half of your liver can be removed as long as the rest is healthy. If the cancer in your liver is too large to remove with surgery, you may be given chemotherapy to shrink the tumor. If the tumor becomes small enough, it can be removed with surgery.
- Lung, adrenal, or ovarian resection, depending on where the cancer has spread and whether you are a good candidate for this surgery.
If cancer that has returned to your intestine is large, more of your colon or rectum may have to be removed. The ends of your colon or rectum are rejoined during surgery. If they can't be rejoined, you may need a Reference colostomy. Most people do not need a permanent colostomy.
When cancer has spread to other parts of the body, the kind of surgery you will need depends on where the cancer is and how big the tumor is. Sometimes surgery is used not to cure your cancer but to make your life more comfortable. For example, the surgeon may create a colostomy to give you relief from symptoms caused by a tumor blocking your colon.
|By:||Reference Healthwise Staff||Last Revised: Reference September 5, 2012|
|Medical Review:||Reference E. Gregory Thompson, MD - Internal Medicine
Reference Kenneth Bark, MD - Surgery, Colon and Rectal