Common Kidney Diseases
Over time, diabetes can cause kidney failure. Active monitoring of blood glucose levels over the years may reduce those complications.
High Blood Pressure (hypertension)
High blood pressure can lead to kidney disease or can be a result of a kidney disorder. Left untreated, high blood pressure can increase the natural course of any underlying kidney disease.
Hereditary disorders generally produce clinical symptoms from teenage years to adulthood. The most prevalent hereditary kidney condition is polycystic kidney disease, a kidney disorder in which many cysts form in the kidneys, causing them to become enlarged.
Most kidney stones pass out of the body without help from a doctor. But sometimes a stone may get stuck in the urinary tract, block the flow of urine and cause great pain.
Nephrotic syndrome is a group of symptoms that include protein in the urine, low blood protein levels, high cholesterol levels, high triglyceride levels, and swelling. Nephrotic syndrome is caused by different disorders that damage the kidneys and release of too much protein in the urine.
Drugs and Toxins
Certain medications, toxins, pesticides and "street" drugs (i.e., heroin) can also produce kidney damage.