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Child Intravenous Pyelogram (IVP)

For your convenience you may wish to print this page and write in the time and location of your appointment. If you have any questions or concerns about the test please give us a call at (650) 853-2955.

Time: ____________________ Date:_______________________

Department of Radiology Location:

Palo Alto
795 El Camino Real
Palo Alto, CA 94301
(650) 853-2955

Purpose:

An intravenous pyelogram (IVP) is an examination done to visualize the kidneys, ureters and bladder. These are all organs of the urinary system.

Procedure:

To visualize organs of the urinary system with x-rays, a contrast material containing iodine must be injected into a vein. The contrast is absorbed by the kidneys and passes into the ureters and bladder. Although very rare, some patients may be allergic to the contrast. It is important to inform the doctor of any allergies the patient may have. There are several normal reactions to the contrast. These include a metallic taste in the mouth, a warm flush throughout the body and possibly some mild nausea. These symptoms will usually disappear within a few minutes.

After the contrast has been injected, a series of x-rays will be taken at timed intervals. The number of x-rays and length of the intervals will be decided by the radiologist as the examination progresses.

Approximate time for the examination is one hour.

Preparation:

In order to obtain a clear view of the urinary system, the organs of the digestive system must be empty. A small degree of diet modification with the use of laxatives will usually achieve this. Please follow the appropriate instructions for the age of the child.

All patients over 1 year are to have a clear fluid supper the night before the examination. Nothing by mouth four hours prior to the examination. If the examination is scheduled in the afternoon or during late morning hours, the patient may have a light clear fluid breakfast.

Newborn to One Year:

  1. Insert 1/2 of a Dulcolax suppository (10 mg) rectally three hours prior to the examination.
  2. Nothing by mouth three to four hours prior to the examination (diet modification is not necessary).

One to Three Years:

  1. 1 1/2 teaspoons (7.5 ml) of castor oil orally at bedtime.
  2. Insert 1/2 of Dulcolax suppository (10 mg) rectally three hours prior to the examination.

Three to Six Years:

  1. 1 tablespoon (15 ml) of castor oil orally at bedtime.
  2. 1/4 bottle of Magnesium Citrate orally at bedtime.
  3. Insert 1 Dulcolax suppository (10 mg) rectally three hours before the examination.

Six to Twelve Years:

  1. 1 tablet of Dulcolax (5 mg) orally at bedtime.
  2. 1/2 bottle of Magnesium Citrate orally at bedtime.
  3. Insert 1 Dulcolax suppository (10 mg) rectally three hours before the examination.

After the Examination: When the examination has been completed the patient may resume a normal diet.

If you have any questions, please call the Department of Radiology at (650) 853-2955.