Aortic Valve Regurgitation
Different factors cause sudden (acute) and long-standing (chronic) aortic valve regurgitation.
Chronic aortic valve regurgitation
Causes of chronic aortic valve regurgitation include:
- Congenital heart defects. Some people are born with a valve that has one (unicuspid valve) or two leaflets (Reference bicuspid valve Opens New Window Reference Opens New Window) instead of three. In either of these cases, the valves don't close the way they should when the heart is at rest.
- Aging. The normal wear and tear of aging can affect the valves.
- Reference Endocarditis Opens New Window. This is an infection in the heart. Bacteria caused by infection can prevent the valve from closing properly.
- Enlarged aorta. This can be caused by age or other health problems, such as high blood pressure.
- The diet medicine fen-phen. Fen-phen was a popular diet drug that was taken off the U.S. market in 1997 because of its link to heart valve disease, including aortic valve regurgitation.
- Reference Rheumatic fever Opens New Window. If you had rheumatic fever, you may be at increased risk for aortic valve regurgitation.
- Radiation treatments for cancer. In rare cases, Reference radiation treatments Opens New Window to the chest, especially in young people, can damage the aortic valve.
Acute aortic valve regurgitation
Acute regurgitation can be caused by:
- Problems with a Reference replacement aortic valve Opens New Window.
- Reference Aortic dissection Opens New Window.
- Trauma to the chest.
|By:||Reference Healthwise Staff||Last Revised: Reference May 9, 2012|
|Medical Review:||Reference Rakesh K. Pai, MD, FACC - Cardiology, Electrophysiology
Reference Stephen Fort, MD, MRCP, FRCPC - Interventional Cardiology