Exams and Tests
Middle ear infections are usually diagnosed using a health history, a physical exam, and an Reference ear exam.
The doctor uses a Reference pneumatic otoscope Opens New Window to look at the eardrum for signs of an ear infection or fluid buildup. For example, the doctor can see if the eardrum moves freely when the pneumatic otoscope pushes air into the ear.
Other tests may include:
- Reference Tympanometry, which measures how the eardrum responds to a change of air pressure inside the ear.
- Reference Hearing tests. These tests are recommended for children who have had fluid in one or both ears (Reference otitis media with effusion Opens New Window) for a total of 3 months. The tests may be done sooner if hearing loss is suspected.
- Reference Tympanocentesis. This test can remove fluid if it has stayed behind the eardrum (chronic otitis media with effusion) or if infection continues even with antibiotics.
- Blood tests, which are done if there are signs of immune problems.
|By:||Reference Healthwise Staff||Last Revised: Reference September 10, 2012|
|Medical Review:||Reference Susan C. Kim, MD - Pediatrics
Reference Charles M. Myer, III, MD - Otolaryngology