Upper Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
Complications from gastrointestinal endoscopy are rare. There is a slight risk of puncturing your throat (esophagus), stomach, or upper small intestine (duodenum). If this happens, you may need to have surgery to fix it. There is also a slight chance of infection after an endoscopy.
Bleeding may also occur from the test or if a tissue sample (biopsy) is taken, but this usually stops on its own without treatment. If you vomit during the examination and some of the material you vomit enters your lungs, Reference aspiration pneumonia Opens New Window is a possible risk. If it develops, it can be treated with antibiotics.
An irregular heartbeat may occur during the test but nearly always subsides on its own without treatment.
The procedure has more risk for people with serious heart disease, older adults, and those who are frail or physically weakened. Although complications are rare, you should discuss your specific risks with your doctor.
After the test
After the test, call 911 or other emergency services immediately if you develop:
After the test, call your doctor immediately if you:
- Feel short of breath or dizzy.
- Have symptoms of infection, such as fever or chills.
- Vomit blood, whether it is fresh and red or is old and looks like coffee grounds.
|By:||Reference Healthwise Staff||Last Revised: Reference March 7, 2012|
|Medical Review:||Reference E. Gregory Thompson, MD - Internal Medicine
Reference Jerome B. Simon, MD, FRCPC, FACP - Gastroenterology