A toxicology test examines blood, urine, or saliva for the presence of drugs. Most toxicology tests determine only the presence of drugs (called qualitative testing) in the body and not the specific level or quantity. Follow-up testing is often required to determine the exact level of a certain drug in the body (called quantitative testing) and to confirm the results of initial testing.
No unexpected drugs are found in the blood, urine, or saliva.
Levels of prescription or nonprescription medicines found in the blood, urine, or saliva are within the effective (therapeutic) range.
Unexpected drugs are found in the blood, urine, or saliva.
Levels of prescription or nonprescription medicines found in the blood, urine, or saliva are too low or too high to be effective (therapeutic) or potentially toxic, if too high.
High levels of prescription or nonprescription medicines may be caused by a drug overdose, either accidental or intentional. A drug overdose may be caused by one large dose of medicine or long-term overuse of a medicine. Interactions between medicines also can cause problems, especially if you start taking a new medicine. A high level may mean that a person is not taking his or her medicine correctly or that the medicine is not being properly processed by the body.
Low levels of prescription or nonprescription medicines may mean that a person is not taking his or her medicine correctly.
|By:||Reference Healthwise Staff||Last Revised: Reference November 8, 2011|
|Medical Review:||Reference E. Gregory Thompson, MD - Internal Medicine
Reference R. Steven Tharratt, MD, MPVM, FACP, FCCP - Pulmonology, Critical Care Medicine, Medical Toxicology