The main treatments for allergic rhinitis are avoiding Reference allergens Opens New Window, managing symptoms with medicine and other home treatment, and, in some cases, getting allergy shots (Reference immunotherapy Opens New Window). How often you need treatment depends on how often you have symptoms.
It is important to avoid allergens that are causing your symptoms. By doing this, you may be able to reduce your allergy symptoms and manage them without medicine or with fewer medicines.
You may need to clean your house often to get rid of dust, animal dander, or molds. Or you may need to stay indoors when pollen counts are high.
For more information on how to avoid and control allergens, see Reference Home Treatment.
Taking medicines and doing other home treatments can help you manage your symptoms. For example, you may start taking Reference over-the-counter medicines. These include antihistamines, decongestants, and eyedrops. Or your doctor may prescribe stronger types of these medicines. You can do other things at home to help your symptoms, such as cleaning your nasal passages.
Think about allergy shots
If medicines don't help your symptoms or if they cause bad side effects, your doctor may suggest allergy shots (immunotherapy). These are small doses of allergens that your doctor injects under your skin. They help your body "get used to" the allergen, so you may have fewer or less severe symptoms.
Know when surgery is or isn't needed
Sometimes people need surgery to fix a problem that makes treating allergies harder. You and your doctor should not consider surgery unless other treatments have failed.
To learn when surgery may be needed, see Reference Surgery.
Treatment for children
Reference Treatment for children who have allergic rhinitis is much the same as for adults who have allergies. Treating children with medicine may be more difficult because of the possible side effects. Some medicines also may not be approved to treat children.
|By:||Reference Healthwise Staff||Last Revised: Reference May 30, 2012|
|Medical Review:||Reference E. Gregory Thompson, MD - Internal Medicine
Reference Rohit K Katial, MD - Allergy and Immunology