A chloride test measures the level of chloride in your blood or urine. Chloride is one of the most important Reference electrolytes Opens New Window in the blood. It helps keep the amount of fluid inside and outside of your cells in balance. It also helps maintain proper blood volume, blood pressure, and Reference pH Opens New Window of your body fluids. Tests for sodium, potassium, and bicarbonate are usually done at the same time as a blood test for chloride.
Most of the chloride in your body comes from the salt (sodium chloride) you eat. Chloride is absorbed by your Reference intestines Opens New Window Reference Opens New Window when you digest food. Extra chloride leaves your body in your urine.
Sometimes a test for chloride can be done on a sample of all your urine collected over a 24-hour period (called a 24-hour urine sample) to find out how much chloride is leaving your body in your urine.
Chloride can also be measured in skin sweat to test for Reference cystic fibrosis Opens New Window.
|By:||Reference Healthwise Staff||Last Revised: Reference March 26, 2012|
|Medical Review:||Reference E. Gregory Thompson, MD - Internal Medicine
Reference Thomas M. Bailey, MD - Family Medicine