Types of Chest Injuries
A blow to the chest can cause a minor or serious injury. It is not unusual to have the "wind knocked out of you" and be short of breath for a few minutes after a blow to the chest.
Even after a chest injury, it is important to determine whether your pain might be caused by a heart problem. If you do not have any Reference symptoms of a heart attack Opens New Window or Reference angina Opens New Window, your pain is probably caused by your chest injury.
Serious chest injury
Pain or Reference difficulty breathing Opens New Window that starts immediately after an injury may mean that organs inside the chest, such as the lungs, heart, or blood vessels, have been damaged. Other symptoms often develop quickly, such as severe shortness of breath or Reference signs of shock Opens New Window.
A forceful blow to the chest can injure organs in the chest or upper abdomen.
- A blow to the front of the chest (sternum) can injure the heart or large blood vessels or the tube leading from the mouth to the stomach (esophagus).
- A blow to the chest can injure the lungs or the airway (trachea).
- A blow to the back of the chest can injure a kidney.
- A blow to the side of the chest or the lower chest can injure the liver or spleen.
Minor chest injury
You may have Reference chest wall pain Opens New Window after a less serious injury. This pain can occur with movement of a shoulder, an arm, the rib cage, or the trunk of the body.
Even a minor injury can cause chest pain for days after the injury. Deep breathing, coughing, or sneezing can increase the pain, as can pressing down on or lying on the injured area.
Minor injuries often do not require a visit to a doctor. Home treatment can relieve the pain and discomfort.
An injury to the chest may break or crack a rib or injure the cartilage of the rib cage. Symptoms of a bruised rib or broken rib include:
- Sharp, severe pain in the area of the chest injury.
- Pain that gets worse when you breathe or cough.
- Pain that gets worse when you press or lie on the injured area.
Rib fractures are painful but often can be treated at home if no other symptoms develop. See the Home Treatment section of this topic.
|By:||Reference Healthwise Staff||Last Revised: Reference September 13, 2012|
|Medical Review:||Reference William H. Blahd, Jr., MD, FACEP - Emergency Medicine
Reference David Messenger, MD