Alcohol Effects on a Fetus
Other Works Consulted
Committee on Ethics, American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (2008). At-risk drinking and illicit drug use: Ethical issues in obstetric and gynecologic practice. ACOG Committee Opinion No. 422. Obstetrics and Gynecology, 112(6): 1449–1460.
Bertrand J, et al. (2005). Guidelines for identifying and referring persons with fetal alcohol syndrome. MMWR, 54(RR–11): 1–15. [Erratum in MMWR, 55(20): 568. Also available online: http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm5520a13.htm.]
Bukstein OG (2009). Adolescent substance abuse. In BJ Sadock et al., eds., Kaplan and Sadock’s Comprehensive Textbook of Psychiatry, 9th ed., vol. 2, pp. 3818–3834. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins.
Cunningham FG, et al., eds. (2010). Alcohol section of Teratology and medications that affect the fetus. In Williams Obstetrics, 23rd ed., p. 317. New York: McGraw-Hill.
Goldson E, Reynolds A (2011). Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders section of Child development and behavior. In WW Hay Jr et al., eds., Current Diagnosis and Treatment: Pediatrics, 20th ed., pp. 102–103. New York: McGraw-Hill.
National Task Force on Fetal Alcohol Syndrome and Fetal Alcohol Effects (2002). Defining the national agenda for fetal alcohol syndrome and other prenatal alcohol-related effects. MMWR, 51(RR-14): 9–12.
Stoll BJ (2007). Fetal alcohol syndrome section of Metabolic disturbances. In RM Kliegman et al., eds., Nelson Textbook of Pediatrics, 18th ed., pp. 780–782. Philadelphia: Saunders Elsevier.
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (2005). U.S. Surgeon General releases advisory on alcohol use in pregnancy. Available online: http://www.surgeongeneral.gov/pressreleases/sg02222005.html.
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Task Force on Fetal Alcohol Syndrome and Fetal Alcohol Effect) (2004). Fetal Alcohol Syndrome: Guidelines for Referral and Diagnosis. Washington, DC: United States Department of Health and Human Services. Available online: http://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/fasd/documents/FAS_guidelines_accessible.pdf.
|By:||Reference Healthwise Staff||Last Revised: Reference March 18, 2011|
|Medical Review:||Reference John Pope, MD - Pediatrics
Reference Ernest L. Abel, PhD - Reproductive Toxicology