Sickle Cell Disorders
Some people inherit one sickle cell Reference gene Opens New Window and one other defective Reference hemoglobin Opens New Window gene, resulting in various types of sickling disorders. These disorders range from mild to severe.
- Reference Sickle cell disease Opens New Window (hemoglobin SS disease) occurs when both genes produce hemoglobin S. This person typically has symptoms of Reference anemia Opens New Window, mild to life-threatening complications, and a shortened life span.
- Sickle beta-thalassemia occurs when a person has one hemoglobin S gene and another gene that causes the body to produce less hemoglobin than normal. This person may have mild to severe sickle cell disease.
- Hemoglobin SC disease occurs when a person has one hemoglobin S gene and one abnormal hemoglobin C gene. This person may have generally milder symptoms and a longer life span than a person with sickle cell disease but still may become seriously ill.
- Hemoglobin SE disease occurs when a person has one hemoglobin S gene and one abnormal hemoglobin E gene. This person may have mild anemia. Most people do not have symptoms.
- Hemoglobin SO disease and hemoglobin SD disease occur when a person has one hemoglobin S gene and one abnormal hemoglobin O or hemoglobin D gene. This person may experience all sickle cell disease symptoms, ranging from mild to severe.
|By:||Reference Healthwise Staff||Last Revised: Reference October 1, 2012|
|Medical Review:||Reference E. Gregory Thompson, MD - Internal Medicine
Reference Martin Steinberg, MD - Hematology