Exams and Tests
The Reference Pap test is a routine screening test used to find abnormal cell changes of the cervix and to screen for cervical cancer. Regular Pap test screening is the most important tool in finding and treating cervical cell changes before they progress to cervical cancer.
The recommended Reference Pap test schedule is based on your age and things that increase your risk. Talk to your doctor about how often to have this test.
If cervical cancer is suspected, your doctor will ask about your medical history and do a physical exam, including a Reference pelvic exam Opens New Window and a Pap test.
Tests to confirm a diagnosis of cervical cancer include:
- A Reference colposcopy and cervical biopsy. This test can find out whether and where cancer cells are on the surface of the cervix.
- An endocervical biopsy (or curettage). This test is to find out whether cancer cells are in the cervical canal.
- A Reference cone biopsy or Reference loop electrosurgical excision procedure (LEEP). These tests are sometimes recommended to remove cervical tissue for examination under a microscope.
Tests to find out the stage and treatment
Tests to find the extent (stage) of cervical cancer include:
- A Reference chest X-ray to check your lungs.
- A Reference CT scan, which uses X-rays to look inside the body.
- An Reference ultrasound Opens New Window, which uses sound waves to check internal tissues and organs.
- An Reference MRI, which uses magnets to see inside the body.
- A Reference PET scan to check for cancer that has spread (metastasized) to other parts of the body.
- A biopsy using Reference fine-needle aspiration Opens New Window.
|By:||Reference Healthwise Staff||Last Revised: Reference October 22, 2012|
|Medical Review:||Reference Anne C. Poinier, MD - Internal Medicine
Reference Ross Berkowitz, MD - Obstetrics and Gynecology