Orthopedic Surgery for Cerebral Palsy
Why It Is Done
The type of orthopedic surgery done to treat problems from cerebral palsy depends on which muscle groups are affected. Some basic goals are to loosen the:
- Muscles that make the hips turn toward the body (partial release of the hip adductor muscles). This surgery increases hip movement, allowing a child to sit and walk more easily. It also may be done to help prevent hip Reference dislocation Opens New Window in children who are at risk.
- Muscles on the back of the thigh (partial hamstring release). These muscles control the tension in the thigh and around the knee, allowing a child to sit and walk with a more normal posture.
- Tendon at the back of the ankle (Achilles tendon lengthening or heel cord lengthening). This surgery helps a child walk with a flatter foot.
Orthopedic surgery may be considered when a child with CP has:
- A bone or joint deformity that causes pain or interferes with function and is getting worse over time.
- Permanent stiff joints (Reference contracture Opens New Window).
- Dislocated or irregularly functioning joints.
- A spinal deformity that is not improving with other treatment.
- A deformity that makes some caregiving functions, such as bathing, extremely difficult or impossible.
|By:||Reference Healthwise Staff||Last Revised: September 20, 2012|
|Medical Review:||Reference Susan C. Kim, MD - Pediatrics
Reference Louis Pellegrino, MD - Developmental Pediatrics