Airway obstruction. Some infants who have
chronic lung disease experience some obstruction of their airway that is caused
by narrowing of and damage to the airway (laryngotracheal stenosis and
tracheomalacia), conditions that are associated with
prolonged or more frequent use of breathing tubes.
Increased blood pressure in the
lungs (pulmonary hypertension) leading to enlargement of the right side of the
heart and possible
heart failure, which occurs in infants who are
Respiratory distress that requires a
ventilator to help with breathing throughout early
Complications that can occur later include:
High blood pressure. Doctors usually can treat
this condition with medicine.
Growth problems. Compared with other
children of the same age, children who have chronic lung disease may be
shorter, weigh less, have a smaller head, have hearing or vision problems, and
have learning problems.
which is a group of motor problems and physical disorders that result from a
brain injury or abnormal brain development.
Primary Medical Reviewer
Sarah Marshall, MD - Family Medicine
Specialist Medical Reviewer
Jennifer Merchant, MD - Neonatal-Perinatal Medicine
How this information was developed to help you make better health decisions.