Mitral Valve Regurgitation
Treatment for chronic mitral valve regurgitation (MR) includes monitoring your heart function and symptoms, as well as treating symptoms as they develop. If MR becomes severe, the mitral valve will need to be repaired or replaced.
Treatment for acute MR is immediate. Medicines and urgent surgery are usually needed.
Treatment depends on whether you have symptoms or complications, and how severe the regurgitation is.
Monitoring. If you don't have symptoms and you only have mild-to-moderate regurgitation, your doctor may only monitor your heart and valve function with an Reference echocardiogram.
The echocardiogram uses painless ultrasound waves to check how well your heart is pumping blood (Reference ejection fraction Opens New Window) and to measure the size of your left ventricle. The smaller the ejection fraction, the harder your heart must work to pump a sufficient volume of blood.
Medicine. Your doctor may prescribe medicines to relieve symptoms or treat complications. For more information, see Reference Medications.
Surgery. Valve repair or replacement surgery might be recommended if:Reference 1
- You have symptoms.
- Regurgitation is severe.
- Your heart has pumping problems (low Reference ejection fraction Opens New Window).
- Your left ventricle is larger than normal.
For more information, see Reference Surgery.
Initial treatment for acute MR includes medicines as needed to stabilize your condition. If medicines don't help, an Reference intra-aortic balloon pump may be used for a short time to help circulate blood and ease the workload on your heart. Surgery is done immediately to replace or repair the valve.
|By:||Reference Healthwise Staff||Last Revised: Reference May 9, 2012|
|Medical Review:||Reference Rakesh K. Pai, MD, FACC - Cardiology, Electrophysiology
Reference John A. McPherson, MD, FACC, FSCAI - Cardiology