Difficulty Swallowing (Dysphagia)
Other Works Consulted
Goyal RK, et al. (2009). Esophageal motility disorders section of Oropharyngeal and esophageal motility disorders. In NJ Greenberger et al., eds., Current Diagnosis and Treatment: Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Endoscopy, pp. 159–171. New York: McGraw-Hill.
Katz PO, Anand G (2011). Dysphagia and esophageal obstruction. In ET Bope, et al., eds., Conn's Current Therapy 2011, pp. 523–526. Philadelphia: Saunders Elsevier.
Mendelson MH (2011). Esophageal emergencies, gastroesophageal reflux disease, and swallowed foreign bodies. In JE Tintinalli et al., eds., Tintinalli's Emergency Medicine: A Comprehensive Study Guide, 7th ed., pp. 548–552. New York: McGraw-Hill.
|By:||Reference Healthwise Staff||Last Revised: Reference June 28, 2011|
|Medical Review:||Reference Adam Husney, MD - Family Medicine
Reference Peter J. Kahrilas, MD - Gastroenterology