What is a cervical cap?
A soft rubber cap with a round rim that fits around your cervix. The only cervical cap available in the United States is the FemCap, a non-hormonal latex-free contraceptive device made of silicone rubber, a non-allergenic easy to clean material.
How is it used?
The cap is placed inside the vagina to cover the cervix. It is recommended that spermicide be added in the rim of the FemCap to increase the effectiveness of this method.
The cervical cap acts by blocking the entrance to the uterus; the spermicide acts by killing and immobilizing the sperm, preventing it from fertilizing the egg.
The cervical cap must be left in place for at least six hours after last intercourse before removing.
Does it protect against STIs?
NO! The cervical cap protects against certain STIs, including gonorrhea and chlamydia, but does not protect against others such as HIV and herpes.
Does it protect against pregnancy?
What are the chances of getting pregnant while using a cervical cap?
- Typical use: 10 percent
- Perfect use: 4 percent
- Unlike the diaphragm, the cervical cap protects against pregnancy for two days (48 hours) and for multiple acts of intercourse within that time frame.
- When placed appropriately, the cervical cap is often not felt by either partner during sexual intercourse.
- The cervical cap is more difficult for women to learn to insert and remove than the diaphragm.
- If worn for more than two days (48 hours) you run the risk of:
- Toxic shock syndrome
- Unpleasant vaginal odor
- Unpleasant vaginal discharge
- Mild allergic reactions to the rubber or spermicide occasionally occur
- Cervical caps must be fitted by clinicians and purchased from a drugstore or clinic. There are three different sizes.
- Cost of purchase is covered by Medicaid.
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Below are sources PAMF accessed when researching this topic. PAMF does not sponsor or endorse any of these sites, nor does PAMF guarantee the accuracy of the information contained on them.
Planned Parenthood. Birth Control [Online].
womenshealth.gov Birth Control Fact Sheets [Online].