Withdrawal (Not Really a
Form of Birth Control)
What is withdrawal?
- The man withdraws his penis from the vagina before ejaculation. The hope is that fertilization will be prevented because the sperm do not enter the vagina.
- Effectiveness depends on the male's ability to withdraw before ejaculation.
- Because this method requires great self-control and experience, this is not a recommended birth control method.
- Pre-ejaculate can contain enough sperm to cause pregnancy. Also, if semen or pre-ejaculate spill on the vulva, pregnancy is possible.
- No, withdrawal doesn't provide protection from STIs, including HIV.
- Infectious diseases can be transmitted by direct contact with surface lesions and by pre-ejaculatory fluid, especially herpes or HIV.
- Typical use: 25 percent.
- Perfect use: 4 percent.
- This method is available when you have no other choice.
- High risk of pregnancy and STI exposure.
- Interrupts the act of sex.
- No guarantee that a man can "pull out" in time and pre-ejaculate can contain enough sperm to cause pregnancy.
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Below are sources PAMF accessed when researching this topic. PAMF does not sponsor or endorse any of these sites, nor does PAMF guarantee the accuracy of the information contained on them.
Planned Parenthood. Birth Control [Online].
womenshealth.gov Birth Control Fact Sheets [Online].